Home» Newsroom» Research Progress

iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis reveals the accumulation of bioactive compounds in Chinese wild rice (Zizania latifolia) during germination

Source: Author: Date: 2019-11-28

Author: Cheng Chu, Ning Yan⁎, Yongmei Du, Xinmin Liu, Meijun Chu, John Shi, Hongbo Zhang, Yanhua Liu, Zhongfeng Zhang


Polyphenols and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) accumulate during seed germination, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to elucidate the accumulation of these bioactive compounds in Chinese wild rice during germination. The greatest differences in the phenolic content were at 36- h (G36) and 120-h germination (G120) stages. An iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis revealed 7031 proteins, and a comparison of the G120 and G36 stages revealed 956 upregulated and 188 downregulated proteins. The KEGG analysis revealed significant protein enrichment in the “metabolic pathways”, “biosynthesis of secondary metabolites” and “phenylpropanoid biosynthesis”. Four phenylalanine ammonia-lyases, one 4-coumarate-CoA ligase, one cinnamoyl-CoA reductase, two cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenases, and four glutamate decarboxylases exhibited higher expression at the G120 than at the G36 stage and promoted phenolics and GABA accumulation. This study revealed bioactive compound accumulation in germinating Chinese wild rice, and the finding may help develop functional foods derived from this cereal.

Article Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814619305709